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5 Basic Power Wheelchair Parts

April 16, 2012

Electric powered wheelchairs all have certain parts and basic features in common.

Whether it's a bariatric power chair designed with a wider, reinforced frame, or a standard motorized chair prescribed with wheelchair accessories for specific mobility needs, all are essentially equipped with the following five components1:

  • Electronic Wheelchair ControllerLearn About Power Wheelchair Parts
  • Motor
  • Power Chair Drive Configuration
  • Batteries
  • Tires and Wheels

Understanding How Power Chairs Work

Learning more about power wheelchair parts can benefit family members and caregivers by helping them to better understand the essential mechanics of power mobility.

But, more importantly, this knowledge could directly benefit mobility-restricted individuals. A deeper familiarity with some of the basic parts that make a power chair work can erase much of the mystery surrounding this life-changing assistive device.

This could positively help potential power chair owners in becoming more comfortable with using an electric powered wheelchair to expand their mobility and manage their day-to-day activities.

Having the most reliable information about power chairs is crucial to getting the most out of renewed mobility. Hopefully, the articles in this series will provide just that.
First up, the Power Wheelchair Electronic Controller.


1Though power chairs, in general, share these particular components and features, all power wheelchairs are not alike. The articles in this short series present an overview of some of the most basic parts of power wheelchairs. Parts, components and available accessories for individual power wheelchair makes, models and styles will vary by manufacturer.

This article is for general informational and educational purposes only and is not intended as a substitute for individualized, medical advice.

Related Articles

  1. Learn More About Front-Wheel Power Wheelchairs
  2. Frequently Asked Questions About Power Wheelchairs
  3. How to Charge Power Wheelchair Batteries
  4. All-Terrain Power Wheelchair Information