Electric wheelchairs all have certain parts and basic features in common.
Whether it's a bariatric power chair designed with a wider, reinforced frame, or a standard motorized wheelchair prescribed with accessories for specific mobility needs, all are essentially equipped with the following five components1:
Electric Motor or Motors
Motorized Drive Configuration
Tires and Wheels
Understanding How Electric Wheelchairs Work
Learning more about motorized wheelchair parts can benefit family members and caregivers by helping them to better understand the essential mechanics of power mobility.
But more importantly, this knowledge could directly benefit mobility-restricted individuals. A deeper familiarity with some of the basic parts that make an electric wheelchair work can erase much of the mystery surrounding this life-changing assistive device.
This could positively help potential motorized chair owners in becoming more comfortable with using an electric powered chair to expand their mobility and manage their day-to-day activities.
This article is for general informational and educational purposes only and is not intended as a substitute for individualized, medical advice
1Though electric wheelchairs share these particular components and features in general, all motorized wheelchairs are not alike. The articles in this short series present an overview of some of the most basic parts of electric wheelchairs. Parts, components and available accessories for individual motorized chairs, makes, models and styles will vary by manufacturer.